Views:500 Author:Superstar Publish Time: 2021-11-16 Origin:Site
The last news brought everyone to know that the main reasons for radial runout include the impact of the radial runout of the spindle itself, the impact of the inconsistency between the tool center and the spindle rotation center, and the impact of the specific processing technology. In this issue, we will learn about methods to reduce the radial runout of CNC milling machine tools. Let’s take a look at how to reduce radial runout.
Ways to reduce radial runout
The radial runout of the tool during machining is mainly because the radial cutting force aggravates the radial runout. Therefore, reducing the radial cutting force is an important principle to reduce the radial runout. The following methods can be used to reduce radial runout:
1. use sharp knives
Choose a larger rake angle of the tool to make the tool sharper to reduce cutting force and vibration. Choose a larger clearance angle of the tool to reduce the friction between the main clearance surface of the tool and the elastic recovery layer of the transition surface of the workpiece, thereby reducing vibration. However, the rake angle and the back angle of the tool cannot be selected too large, otherwise the strength and heat dissipation area of the tool will be insufficient. Therefore, it is necessary to select different tool rake angles and back angles according to the specific conditions. The rough machining can be smaller, but in the finishing machining, for the consideration of reducing the radial runout of the tool, it should be larger to make the tool Sharper.
2. use strong tools
There are two main ways to increase the strength of the tool. One is to increase the diameter of the tool holder. Under the same radial cutting force, the diameter of the tool holder increases by 20%, and the radial runout of the tool can be reduced by 50%. The second is to reduce the protruding length of the tool. The greater the protruding length of the tool, the greater the deformation of the tool during processing. When processing is in constant change, the radial runout of the tool will continue to change, resulting in a workpiece Similarly, if the machining surface is not smooth, the extension length of the tool is reduced by 20%, and the radial runout of the tool will also be reduced by 50%.
3. The rake face of the tool should be smooth
During machining, the smooth rake face can reduce the friction of the chips on the tool, and can also reduce the cutting force on the tool, thereby reducing the radial runout of the tool.
4.spindle taper hole and chuck cleaning
The spindle taper hole and the chuck are clean, and there should be no dust and debris generated during the processing of the workpiece. When selecting a machining tool, try to use a tool with a shorter extension length to load the knife, and the force should be reasonable and even, not too large or too small.
5. The amount of knife used should be reasonable
If the amount of cutting tool is too small, the phenomenon of machining slippage will occur, which will cause the continuous change of the radial runout of the tool during machining. When the machined surface is not smooth, the cutting force will increase accordingly. It will cause large deformation of the tool, increase the radial runout of the tool during machining, and also make the machined surface not smooth.
6.use up milling in finishing
As the gap position between the lead screw and the nut changes during down milling, it will cause uneven feed of the worktable, resulting in shock and vibration, which affects the life of the machine tool and the tool and the surface roughness of the workpiece. When up-milling, the cutting thickness changes from small to large, the load of the tool also changes from small to large, and the tool is more stable during processing. Note that this is only used for finishing, and down milling should be used when roughing. This is because the productivity of down milling is high and the service life of the tool can be guaranteed.
7.Use cutting fluid reasonably.
Reasonable use of cutting fluid, mainly cooling water solution, has little effect on cutting force. The cutting oil whose main function is lubrication can significantly reduce the cutting force. Because of its lubricating effect, it can reduce the friction between the tool rake face and the chip and between the flank face and the transition surface of the workpiece, thereby reducing the tool radial runout.
Practice has proved that as long as the accuracy of manufacturing and assembly of each part of the machine tool is ensured, and reasonable technology and tooling are selected, the influence of the radial runout of the tool on the machining accuracy of the workpiece can be minimized.